Stand Up and Be Counted
To vote in Idaho, you must be a resident of Idaho and the county in which you are voting for 30 days prior to an election. You must be 18 and either registered with your county clerk up to 25 days prior to the election or register at your polling place on the day of the election.
To register with your County Clerk you must provide your driver’s license or state issued identification number or the last four digits of your Social Security Number. You can register in person or by mail (if your registration is post-marked 25 days before the election). You must reregister every time you have a change in address or name.
In Idaho, you can also register on Election Day by bringing a document with your valid name and address (such as a utility bill) and a driver’s license or state issued photo identification to your polling place. College students can bring their student identification and a current fee statement from their institution to register.
In Idaho, when you register to vote you must choose a political party (Republican or Democrat) or choose Unaffiliated (which means no party affiliation). In primary elections, unless a political party chooses to allow others outside the party to participate in its primary election, only voters registered with a political party may vote to select their party’s nominees. In other words, registered Republicans may vote only for Republican candidates and registered Democrats may vote only for Democratic candidates. Persons registered as unaffiliated may not vote for partisan candidates in primary elections unless the party decides to allow them. However, an unaffiliated voter may affiliate with a party up to or on Election Day and vote in that party’s election.
Idaho requires all voters to show a state issued photo identification at their polling place or sign a Personal Identification Affidavit if they cannot or choose not to present a state issued photo identification.
In Idaho, all registered voters have the option to vote by absentee ballot. Ballot applications must be requested in writing from the voter’s county clerk and requests must be post marked or delivered in person to the county clerk no later than six days before an election. Absentee ballots will be sent to voters in the mail and must be returned to the County Clerk on or before 8:00 PM on Election Day.
Registered voters may also vote in person before Election Day at early voting sites. County clerks can provide you with the dates, times, and locations or early voting sites. Early voting ends in all counties at 5:00 PM on the Friday before Election Day.